sábado

Used To: Formas e Uso

Formação:

USED TO + verbo no infinitivo

Forma Afirmativa
Verbo: To say (dizer)

I

used to say

You

used to say

He

used to say

She

used to say

It

used to say

We

used to say

You

used to say

They

used to say

Exemplo:
She used to say that. 
(Ela costumava dizer isso.)

Forma Negativa
Verbo: To say (dizer)

I

did not use to say

You

did not use to say

He

did not use to say

She

did not use to say

It

did not use to say

We

did not use to say

You

did not use to say

They

did not use to say


did not ou didn't

Exemplo:
She didn't use to say that. 
(Ela não costumava dizer isso.)

Forma Interrogativa
Verbo: To say (dizer)

Did

I

use to say?

Did

You

use to say?

Did

He

use to say?

Did

She

use to say?

Did

It

use to say?

Did

We

use to say?

Did

You

use to say?

Did

They

use to say?


Exemplo:
Did she use to say that?
(Ela costumava dizer isso?)

USO:
USED TO é usado para indicar:
a) Hábitos e atividades regulares 
do passado que não ocorrem mais:
Exemplos:
He used to tell me stories when I was a child. 
(Ele costumava me contar histórias quando eu era criança.)

She used to play cards. 
(Ela costumava jogar cartas.)

b) Situações no passado 
que não existem mais:
He used to have a cat. 
(Ele tinha um gato.)

used to live in Rio. 
(Eu morava no Rio.)

OBSERVAÇÃO: 
Used to é sempre usado 
para expressar o passado. 
Não há uma forma para o 
presente desta estrutura.

Fábula: The Fox and the Grapes + Exercícios

Ative as legendas em inglês para 
acompanhar a leitura no próprio 
vídeo ou leia abaixo.

One day a hungry Fox came 
across a rich and luscious 
grapevine. A bunch of ripe
grapes were hanging from
a height a good way above
the ground.

The Fox made several 
attempts to jump up
and pluck the grapes,
but his efforts were
in vain.

Tired and hungry, 
he walked off
grumpily and 
murmured:

"I am sure those
grapes were nasty
and sour. I'm glad 
I could not reach 
them. They were
definitely not
worth eating."

It is easy to belittle
what you cannot obtain.

The Fox spoke badly
of the grapes only
because he could not
reach them and was
forced to go away
hungry.

To lessen his
disappointment
of not getting what he 
wanted, he comforted
himself with the idea 
that the grapes were sour.

Moral of the story
That's just sour grapes.

Vocabulário:
1) luscious = saborosa
2) grapevine = videira
3) bunch = cacho 
4) ripe = madura
5) height = altura
6) ground = chão
7) attempts = tentativas
8) pluck = arrancar
9) efforts = esforços
10) in vain = em vão
11) walked off = foi embora
12) grumpily = irritado, mal humorado 
13) sour = azeda
14) belittle = menosprezar
15) lessen = diminuir
16) disappointment = decepção

EXERCISES
1) Escolha a alternativa correta: 
a) The grapes looked
 sour and large.
 dried up.
 plump and juicy.

b) The fox did not eat the grapes because
  they were no good.
  they were too far up for him to reach.
  they were sour.

c) When the fox could not get any grapes 
he walked off grumpily. Grumpily means
 bad humoredly.
 immediately
 happily

d) The fox then said that the grapes were
 big and juicy.
 nasty and sour.
 too far away.

e) The fox would not eat them if

 someone gave him some.
 they were sour.
 he didn’t have any.

f) The fox belittled the grapes. 
What does "belittle" mean?
  choose them
  like very much
  say they are terrible

g) What does “obtain” mean?
  despise
  disgust
  get

2) Marque Verdadeiro (True)
ou Falso (False):
a) The Fox was walking 
in a vegetable garden.

b) The Fox was hungry.

c) The grapes were on 

a low branch.


d) He tried to pick up 

the grapes.


e) The Fox tried many 

times unsuccessfully.


f) He finally plucked the grapes.


g) The Fox got tired.


h) The Fox went away 

hungry and angry.


i) The grapes were sour. 


j) The Fox was disappointed. 

 

3) A moral da fábula 

"That's just sour grapes

significa:

  Quem desdenha quer comprar.
  As aparências enganam.
  Devagar se vai ao longe.

Text Interpretation: The Perfect Sunday Routine

www.inglesclaro.com
Leia o texto e responda 
as perguntas abaixo:

On Sunday, Sam gets up 
at 8 o'clock. He reads 
the newspaper in his 
bedroom. At 9:30 he has 
breakfast in the kitchen 
and then he telephones his 
mother  in Scotland.

In the afternoon, at 1:00, Sam 
plays tennis with his sister and 
after that, they have lunch in a
restaurant. 

At 6:00, Sam swims for one hour 

and then he goes by bike to his 
brother´s house. They talk and
listen to music.

Sam watches television in the 
evening and drinks a glass 
of warm milk. He goes to bed 
at 11:30.

1) What time does Sam get up on Sundays?
 At 9:30 a.m.
 At 8 o'clock.
 At 9 o'clock.

2) What does Sam read in his bedroom?
 A book.
 The newspaper.
 A magazine.

3) Where does Sam have breakfast?
 In the kitchen.
 In his bedroom.
 In a restaurant.

4) Who does he telephone in the morning?
 His sister.
 His brother.
 His mother.

5) Where does his mother live?
 In England.
 In his brother's house.
 In Scotland.

6) What time does he play tennis with his sister?
 At 1p.m.
 At 2 p.m.
 At 11:30 a.m.

7) How long does Sam swim for?
 One hour.
 Two hours.
 Six hours.

8) How does Sam go to his brother's house?
 By bike.
 By car.
 On foot.

9) What does Sam drink in the evening?
 Wine.
 Beer.
 Milk.

10) What time does Sam go to bed?
 At 11 p.m.
 At 11:30 p.m.
 At midnight.

Text Interpretation: A Birthday Party

www.inglesclaro.com

It's Saturday night. 

Tom and his friends 
are having a good 
time at the party. 

There aren't many girls 
but there are a lot 
of boys.

The music is great and 
everybody is dancing.

There is a lot of coke but 
there isn't much orange 
juice.  

Tom is happy because his 
friends are enjoying the party.

EXERCISES
1) Marque Verdadeiro (True)
ou Falso (False):

a) Tom likes the party.

b) Tom's friends like the party, too. 

c) The birthday party is on Sunday. 
 
d) There are a lot of boys at the party. 

e) There are a lot of girls. 

f) Tom and his friends don't like the music. 

2) 'Have a good time' significa
  divertir-se
  ter muito tempo
  ter um bom time

3) 'Happy' significa
  festa
  feliz
  acontecer

4) 'Everybody' significa
  todos
  festa
  ninguém

5) Retire do texto o trecho 
que diz que na festa:

a) Há muitos garotos na festa.
   

b) Não há muitas garotas.
   

c) Não há muito suco de laranja.
   


Text Interpretation: You Are What You Eat

 www.inglesclaro.com

FOOD: YOU ARE WHAT YOU EAT

FIBER:
Adults need 30 grammes of fiber 
per day. Why? Because it helps 
the digestive system to work 
properly and protects it against 
diseases like cancer. Here is a 
list of foods which contain 
high fiber content: 
vegetables, nuts, cereals,
beans, fruit, wholemeal bread.

SUGAR:
It contains energy, but that's all.
Very sweet foods don't give you
any vitamins, minerals, fiber or 
protein. Although sweets are
delicious, they are not healthy.
They cause obesity  and they
are bad for your teeth.

FAT:
Fat contains a lot of calories. 
Too much of these can make 
you overweight. Fat also contains
cholesterol. A little of this is ok,
but too much on a regular basis 
can gradually start to block 
your arteries.

SALT:
We need one gramme of salt 
per day, but on average we eat 
about 10 grammes. Too much
salt causes high blood pressure,
which increases the risk of heart
attacks and strokes.

1) Marque o item que não foi
abordado nos parágrafos acima:
Açúcar
Sal
Carboidrato
 Fibra

2) De acordo com o texto,  
preencha as lacunas com 
os dados corretos.
a) As pessoas costumam ingerir
cerca de    gramas
de sal por dia, mas precisam
apenas de   

b) A necessidade diária de fibra 
para adultos é de   
gramas.

3) Marque a única afirmação falsa.
Frutas contêm fibra.
O excesso  de sal pode ocasionar
aumento da pressão arterial.
A ingestão excessiva de fibra 
pode ocasionar câncer.
 Alimentos com açúcar não são
saudáveis.

4) De acordo com o texto, cite:
a) duas consequências para a 
ingestão excessiva de açúcar:
   

   


b) três alimentos que contêm fibra:
  
 
  
 
 
  


Text Interpretation: Special Days


Everywhere in the world people 
celebrate special dates.
In the USA and England, for example,
some dates have a special meaning.
In the USA, Independence Day is 
celebrated on July 4th.
Thanksgiving Day is on the fourth
Thursday of November. On this day
families meet for a special dinner and
give thanks to God for the past year.
On February 14th Americans and 
British celebrate Valentine's Day. 
People send "Valentines" to one 
another. "Valentines" are special
cards with hearts, flowers and
loving words.
On Mother's Day, people give
flowers and gifts to their 
mothers.
Children always have fun at
Halloween on October 31st.
They dress up as ghosts and
witches, go from house to house 
and say "Trick or Treat".
Christmas is on December
25th. People give presents
and send cards to friends
and relatives.
Special dates are an important 
part of the tradition and culture
of a country.

EXERCISES
1) Marque Verdadeiro (True)
ou Falso (False):

a) July 4th is an important date 
for Americans.  

b) Christmas is celebrated 
in November. 

c) Valentine's Day is celebrated 
on February 14th. 
 
d) Children go trick or treating 
on Halloween. 

e) Thanksgiving is celebrated on 
November 15th. 

f) On Thanksgiving Day families 
meet for a special meal. 

g) Americans don't celebrate 
Mother's Day.  

2) Responda de acordo com o texto:
a) Em que dia do ano as crianças se 
vestem de fantasmas e bruxas?
 

b) Quando é comemorado o Dia da 
Independência dos Estados Unidos?
 

c) Quando é comemorado o Dia de 
Ação de Graças?
 

quinta-feira

Pronunciation: Adjectives and Sentence Patterns

I am busy. 
(Eu estou ocupado(a).)

I am tired. 
(Eu estou cansado(a).)

I am hungry. 
(Eu estou com fome.)

I am thirsty. 
(Eu estou com sede.)

He is very young.
(Ele é muito jovem.)

He is very rich.
(Ele é muito rico.)
.
He is very strong.
(Ele é muito forte.)

He is very fat.
(Ele é muito gordo.)

They are usually shy.
(Eles geralmente são tímidos.)

They are usually friendly.
(Eles geralmente são simpáticos.)

They are usually happy.
(Eles geralmente estão felizes.)

They are usually quiet.
(Eles geralmente estão quietos.)

I am not crazy.
(Eu não sou louco(a).)

I am not famous. 

(Eu não sou famoso(a).)

I am not busy. 
(Eu não estou ocupado(a).)

I am not lonely. 
(Eu não estou solitário.)

He isn't handsome. 
(Ele não é bonito.)

He isn't popular.
(Ele não é popular.)

He isn't hard-working.
(Ele não é trabalhador.)

He isn't clever.
(Ele é muito gordo.)

I was busy yesterday. 
(Eu estava ocupado(a) ontem.)

was sick yesterday.
(Eu estava doente ontem.)

was sleepy yesterday.
(Eu estava com sono ontem.)

was absent yesterday.
(Eu estava ausente ontem.)

Are you hungry?
(Você está com fome?)

Are you busy?
(Você está ocupado(a)?)

Are you crazy?
(Você está louco(a)? )

Are you brave?
(Você é corajoso?)